PRN: Lord Ashcroft Survey: Most Young People do not Know Battle of Britain was Fought in the Air; Only One in Five Know What Happened on D-Day
Lord Ashcroft Survey: Most Young People do not Know Battle of Britain was Fought in the Air; Only One in Five Know What Happened on D-Day
LONDON, June 25, 2012 /PRNewswire/ --
Only just over two in five secondary school children know the Battle of Britain was fought in the air, according to a new survey conducted by Lord Ashcroft.
The research also shows that only one third of children know the Second World War began in 1939, while only one in five know what happened on D-Day.
The survey of 1,000 children aged 11 to 18 throughout Britain was commissioned to mark the unveiling of the Bomber Command Memorial in Green Park, London, on 28 June. The Memorial honours the 55,573 men of Bomber Command who lost their lives during the Second World War.
The findings of the survey highlight the importance of ensuring that current and future generations remember the sacrifices made by those who served Britain in time of war.
The survey found:
There was some encouraging news, however: 95% correctly identified the Royal British Legion's poppy, and 84% knew what it signified.
Commenting on the findings, Lord Ashcroft, who made a Â£1 million donation towards the new Bomber Command Memorial, said:
"It is sobering to find that so many children of secondary school age simply do not know important facts about crucial events in Britain's recent history. My own father fought in D-Day, and I was keen to discover how much today's young people know of what happened just 70 years ago.
"I don't mean to criticise the children. We must all take responsibility for ensuring that what we know is passed to the next generation. These findings show we can never be complacent about our duty to remember.
"One of the ways we can do this is to build lasting memorials to those who have sacrificed so much to serve our country. That is the purpose of the Bomber Command Memorial, which I am proud to support.
"The Memorial is long overdue. Those who flew on countless missions over Nazi Germany and occupied Europe, many of whom were barely out of their teenage years, knew the odds were stacked against them, and many did not return. All of us should be thankful for the sacrifice they made to ensure that we can all live in a free society."
Notes to Editors
SUMMARY OF RESULTS
KNOWLEDGE OF WORLD WAR TWO AMONG CHILDREN
SURVEY CONDUCTED BY LORD ASHCROFT: JUNE 2012
1,007 children aged 11 to 18 were interviewed face-to-face between 15 and 23 May 2012. The survey was conducted throughout Great Britain and the results are nationally representative. For full data, please go to lordashcroftpolls.com.
1. I am going to show you some photos of some people you may or may not be familiar with. For each one, please tell me their name. If you don't know it, that's fine.
% correctly naming The Queen 100% Jedward 97% Wayne Rooney 92% Churchill the insurance dog 92% Adolf Hitler 87% Barack Obama 86% Katie Price 82% David Cameron 77% Johnny Depp 75% Marilyn Monroe 63% Sir Winston Churchill 62% Albert Einstein 57% Nick Clegg 38% Ed Miliband 35%
2. Do you recognise this? What cause or charity does it represent?
% correctly identifying Royal British Legion - Poppy Appeal 95% Comic Relief - Red Nose 90% Help for Heroes wristband 53% Marie Curie Cancer Care daffodil 39% AIDS Awareness/World AIDS Day 32%
3. Why do you see people wearing Poppies in November each year? Â [Unprompted]
To remember those who died or were injured defending our country 77% To raise money for the Royal British Legion 7% Other 10% Don't know 6%
4. Was the Battle of Britain fought on air, land or sea?Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â
Air 43% Land 29% Sea 8% Don't know 20%
5. In which decade was the Battle of Britain?
1900s 3% 1910s 2% 1920s 5% 1930s 10% 1940s 34% 1950s 2% Other 3% Don't know 40%
6. And can you tell me in which year? Â [All those who correctly named the 1940s]
1940 11% 1944 17% 1941 12% 1945 14% 1942 11% 1946-9 2% 1943 11% Don't know 22%
7. How many World Wars have there been? Â [Unprompted]
One 3% Two 86% Three 5% Four or more 1% Don't know 5%
8. In which year did the Second World War begin? Â [Unprompted]
1950 or Before 1930 1930-38 1939 1940s after Don't know 4% 8% 34% 13% 3% 38%
9. And in which year did it end? Â [Unprompted]
1945 Another year Don't know 39% 21% 40%
10. Why did Britain fight the Second World War?
11. Whom didÂ BritainÂ fightÂ againstÂ Â in the Second World War? And who else? [Unprompted]
Germany 89% Japan 15% Russia / The Soviet Union 13% Italy 9% France 6% China 2% America / The USA 1% Australia / New Zealand 1% Other 4% Don't know 8%
12. Who were Britain'sÂ alliesÂ Â in the Second World War? And who else? Â [Unprompted]
America / The USA 61% France 44% Russia / The Soviet Union 13% Australia / New Zealand 9% Italy 7% China 2% Germany 2% Japan 1% Other 7% Don't know 21%
13. Â What happened on D-Day?
The war was declared over / Germany was defeated / Germany surrendered 19% Allied forces crossed the English Channel and landed on the beaches of Normandy / France was invaded 16% A day lots of soldiers died 4% Troops were brought home from the war / rescued 3% A big battle 2% Germany bombed / invaded Britain 1% Other 6% Don't know 50%
14. Â During the last, just over 400 members of our Armed Forces have died in Afghanistan. How many of the British military do you think died during the six years of the Second World War?
0 - 1,000 10% 1,001 - 10,000 20% 10,000 - 50,000 8% 50,000 - 100,000 8% 100,000 - 500,000 8% More than 500,000 14% Don't know 32%